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web开发中Redux实现组合计数器

  • 发布:Web前端培训
  • 来源:网络
  • 时间:2018-07-06 17:34

这篇文章讲述了web开发中Redux实现组合计数器的教程及代码实例。下面我们来看一下!

Redux实现组合计数器

Redux是一种解决数据共享的方案

import {createStore} from 'redux';

import React from 'react';

import ReactDOM from 'react-dom';

import {connect, createProvider} from 'react-redux'

// data

let allNum = {num :1000}

// 创建reducer, 名字的默认值为

function reducer(state, action) {

let tmp = {}

if (action.type == "decrease"){

allNum.num = allNum.num - action.value;

tmp = Object.assign({}, state, {num: allNum.num})

return tmp

}else if(action.type == "increase"){

allNum.num = allNum.num + action.value;

tmp = Object.assign({}, state, {num: allNum.num})

return tmp

}else{

return state

}

}

// 创建store存储数据(传入处理函数reducer, 核心数据allNum)

let store = createStore(reducer, allNum)

console.log("初始化的数据为",store.getState('num'))

// 添加监听函数

store.subscribe(() => {console.log("监听函数发出:", store.getState())});

// 发出action

let tmp = {};

tmp = store.dispatch({type: "decrease", value: 10})

console.log("---->", tmp);

tmp = store.dispatch({type: "decrease", value: 100})

console.log("---->", tmp);

tmp = store.dispatch({type: "increase", value: 31})

console.log("---->", tmp);

tmp = store.dispatch({type: "increase", value: 123})

console.log("---->", tmp);

class MyComponent extends React.Component {

render() {return <div>Hello World</div>;}

}

ReactDOM.render(<MyComponent />, document.getElementById("root"));

React和Redux组合使用

React组件, 有两个数据集, props和state

props表示外部传入组件的参数(数据由外部传入, 可以被外部更改)

state表示组件固有的属性(数据私有, 不可以被外部更改)

我们可以把多个React组件的props交由Redux进行管理, 这样就实现了React组件之间数据的共享

web开发中Redux实现组合计数器

组件如何读写数据

组件通过action发送信号, reducer处理action, story内的值被reducer修改, 由于React组件已经被绑定到story中, 所以story内的数据被修改后, 可以直接同步到React的组件中

web开发中Redux实现组合计数器

小案例: 实现一个组合计数器

单个计数器的数据由组件自身state管理

三个计数器的数据只和由Redux管理

动图演示

实现的源码如下

index.html

<!DOCTYPE html>

<html lang="en">

<head>

<meta charset="UTF-8">

<title>react-webpack-demo</title>

</head>

<body>

<div id="root"></div>

</body>

</html>

index.js

import 'babel-polyfill';

import React from 'react';

import ReactDOM from 'react-dom';

import './index.scss';

import Redux from 'redux';

import { connect, Provider } from 'react-redux';

import { createStore } from 'redux';

import { PropTypes } from 'prop-types';

class ManageCounter extends React.Component {

constructor(props) {

super(props);

}

render() {

return ( <div>

<p className="title">计数器</p>

<Counter id = "0" />

<Counter id = "1" />

<Counter id = "2" />

<p className="result"> 组件值的和为: { this.props.sum } </p>

</div> )

}

}

class Counter extends React.Component {

constructor(props) {

super(props);

this.changeSum = this.changeSum.bind(this)

this.decrease = this.decrease.bind(this)

this.increase = this.increase.bind(this)

this.state = { value: 0 };

}

changeSum() {

this.props.dispatch({ type: 'changeSum', payload: { id: this.props.id, value: this.state.value } })

}

decrease() {

let self = this;

this.setState({ value: this.state.value - 1 }, () => {

self.changeSum()

})

}

increase() {

let self = this;

self.setState({ value: this.state.value + 1 }, () => {

self.changeSum()

})

}

render() {

const { value } = this.state;

let { id } = this.props;

return ( <div >

<input type = "button"value = "减1" onClick = { this.decrease }/>

<span > { value } < /span><br/ >

<input type = "button" value = "加1" onClick = { this.increase }/>

</div> )

}

}

// 创建reducer

function reducer(state = { number: [0, 0, 0], sum: 0 }, action = {}) {

if (action.type == 'changeSum') {

let { id, value } = action.payload

console.log("id:", id, "value:", value);

state.number[id] = value

let tmpSum = 0;

for (let i = 0; i < state.number.length; i++) {

tmpSum += state.number[i]

}

return Object.assign({}, state, { sum: tmpSum });

} else {

return state;

}

}

const CounterMapStateToProps = (state) => ({

})

const ManageCounterMapStateToProps = (state) => ({

sum: state.sum

})

const mapDispatchToProps = (dispatch) => ({

dispatch: dispatch

})

// 创建store

let store = createStore(reducer)

// connect连接

Counter = connect(CounterMapStateToProps, mapDispatchToProps)(Counter)

ManageCounter = connect(ManageCounterMapStateToProps, mapDispatchToProps)(ManageCounter)

ReactDOM.render(

<Provider store = { store }>

<ManageCounter />

</Provider> ,

document.getElementById('root'));

index.scss

$designWidth: 750;

@function px2rem($px) {

@return $px*10/$designWidth+rem;

}

#root {

div {

p {

font-size: px2rem(300);

color: #5EA1F3;

text-align: center;

}

div {

font-size: px2rem(500);

display: flex;

color: #64B587;

border: 1px solid #F0BB40;

input {

flex: 1 1 auto;

background-color: #64B587;

font-size: px2rem(200);

outline: none;

color:#ffffff;

}

span {

width: 300px;

flex: 1 1 auto;

text-align: center;

}

}

.title {

color: #BDBDBD;

}

.result {

font-size: px2rem(200);

}

}

}

小结

redux的设计思想是很简单的, 也有了很成熟的库函数供我们调用, 所以面对一个问题时, 我们考虑的重点是: React组件内哪些数据需要被Redux管理?把重点问题考虑清楚, 问题也就解决了大半!


                    

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